Phillips noted the sacred mount was called Horeb and Sinai and the "Mountain of God," which, in Hebrew would be Har Elohim, -im being a plural form, which some would render as "Gods" rather than God, Hence, the "Mountain of the Gods." "Sinai" and "Horeb" are generally considered to refer to the same place by scholars. Northeast of this is Jebel Musa (7, 370 ft.), which, though less high, is more conspicuous because of the open plain called er Rachah ("the wide") to its Northwest. Description of Jebel Musu:Jebel Musa has two main tops, that to the Southeast being crowned by a chapel. Sinai in the book of Exodus? Mr. Greene supposed Elim (Exodus 15:27) to be Elath (Deuteronomy 2:8), now `Ailah at the head of the Gulf of `Akabah; and that Sinai therefore was some unknown mountain in Midian. ), in the same reign, says that Rephidim was then called Pharan, and (distinguishing Horeb from Sinai, as Eusebius also does) he places it "about 6 miles from Pharan," and "near Sinai." Deuteronomy 4:10 the day that you stood before Yahweh your God in Horeb, when Yahweh said to me, "Assemble me the people, and I will make them hear my words, that they may learn to fear me all the days that they live on the earth, and that they may teach their children.". Traditional Site:The indications of position, in various passages of the Pentateuch, favor the identification with the traditional site, which has become generally accepted by all those explorers who have carefully considered the subject, though two other theories may need notice. The desert of Sin (Exodus 16:1; Exodus 17:1 Numbers 33:11 f) lay between Sinai and the Gulf of Suez, and may have been named from the "glare" of its white chalk. Exodus 17:6 Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb. Traditional Site:The indications of position, in various passages of the Pentateuch, favor the identification with the traditional site, which has become generally accepted by all those explorers who have carefully considered the subject, though two other theories may need notice. I have seldom found it necessary to carry water when making a mountain excursion, and the intermediate neighborhood of Jebel Musa would, I think, bear comparison with many mountain districts in Scotland with regard to its supply of water. Deuteronomy 1:44 The Amorites, who lived in that hill country, came out against you, and chased you, as bees do, and beat you down in Seir, even to Hormah. But, for Arabs not encumbered with families and herds, this distance could still be covered by an average march of 39 miles daily, on riding camels, or even, if necessary, on foot.3. From the time He met God at the burning bush to going back to Egypt after 40 years. Such storms occur as a rule in the Sinaitic desert only in December and January, but thunderstorms are not unknown in Palestine even in May.5. Was this the real Mountain of God? Horeb comes from a Hebrew term meaning “desert.” Most of the events that the book of Exodus describes as happening at Mount Sinai are located at Mount Horeb in the book of Deuteronomy. In the Book of Deuteronomy, these events are described as having transpired at Mount Horeb. "This is important, as Israel encamped near Sinai from the end of May till April of the next year. This will be the token to you, that I have sent you: when you have brought forth the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God on this mountain.". Moses fled to the land of Midian (or "empty land"), which lay East of the Sinaitic peninsula (Numbers 22:4, 7; Numbers 25; Numbers 25 31), and when he wandered with his flocks to Horeb (Exodus 3:1) he is said to have reached the west side of the desert. In favor of the traditional site it may also be observed that clouds suddenly formed, or lasting for days (Exodus 24:15 f), are apt to cap very lofty mountains. Horeb: "Now Moses was pasturing the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian; and he led the flock to the west side of the wilderness and came to Horeb, the mountain of God. 95). But, for Arabs not encumbered with families and herds, this distance could still be covered by an average march of 39 miles daily, on riding camels, or even, if necessary, on foot.3. The Token. Even Jebel Serbal, 20 miles West of Sinai-a ridge with many crags, running 3 miles in length-is at its highest only 6,730 ft. above the sea. Lofty mountains, in all parts of the world, have always been sacred and regarded as the mysterious abode of God; and Josephus says that Sinai is "the highest of all the mountains thereabout," and again is "the highest of all the mountains that are in that country, and is not only very difficult to be ascended by men, on account of its vast. In the other books of the Pentateuch, Sinai is the usual name, though Horeb also occurs (Exodus 3:1; Exodus 17:6; Exodus 33:6), applying both to the "Mount of God" and to the desert of Rephidim, some 20 miles to the Northwest.2. However, this same theme frames the entire Bible. The other, divided by gorges into three precipitous crags, has the Convent to its North, and is called Ras-es-Cafcafeh, or "the willow top." Sinai again is described as being distant from Egypt "three days' journey into the wilderness" (Exodus 5:3), the actual route being 117 miles, which Israel accomplished in 10 journeys. Horeb is where the Israelites made the golden calf (Psalm 106:19) and we know that they did this at Mount Sinai (Ex.32:8; 34:2). The Name:The name comes probably from a root meaning "to shine," which occurs in Syriac, and which in Babylonian is found in the name sinu for "the moon." Moses fled to the land of Midian (or "empty land"), which lay East of the Sinaitic peninsula (Numbers 22:4, 7; Numbers 25; Numbers 25 31), and when he wandered with his flocks to Horeb (Exodus 3:1) he is said to have reached the west side of the desert. Deuteronomy 1:19 We traveled from Horeb, and went through all that great and terrible wilderness which you saw, by the way to the hill country of the Amorites, as Yahweh our God commanded us; and we came to Kadesh Barnea. Exodus 3:19 I know that the king of Egypt won't give you permission to go, no, not by a mighty hand. Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel. There is adequate water supply, appropriate amounts of pasturage, and a wide open plain there that align with … The old explanation, "clayey," is inappropriate to any place in the Sinaitic desert, though it might apply to Sin (Ezekiel 30:15, 16) or Pelusium; even there, however, the applicability is doubtful. It begins with the Garden of Eden in Genesis and ends with New Jerusalem in Revelation. In addition to these streams there are numerous wells and springs, affording excellent water throughout the whole of the granitie district. The other, divided by gorges into three precipitous crags, has the Convent to its North, and is called Ras-es-Cafcafeh, or "the willow top." Horeb is called “the mountain of God,” (Ex. “This study combines the southern geographical placement of Yahweh’s sacred mountain in Midian with biblical descriptions of the theophany at Sinai-Horeb—descriptions which have prompted scholars to interpret the events at the ‘mountain of God’ as volcanic in nature. There is also no other district in the Peninsula which affords such excellent pasturage. Identification with Jebel Musa:These distances will not, however, allow of our placing Sinai farther East than Jebel Musa. Instead of speaking from the Children of Israel perspective, Horeb: The Mountain of God speaks from Moses perspective. Horeb is located near Mount Sinai. Deuteronomy 1:27 and you murmured in your tents, and said, "Because Yahweh hated us, he has brought us forth out of the land of Egypt, to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us. Exodus 3:20 I will put forth my hand and strike Egypt with all my wonders which I will do in its midst, and after that he will let you go. Sinai again is described as being distant from Egypt "three days' journey into the wilderness" (Exodus 5:3), the actual route being 117 miles, which Israel accomplished in 10 journeys. This term is chiefly used in Deuteronomy, though Sinai also occurs (Deuteronomy 33:2). Deuteronomy uses the name Horeb exclusively for the mountain of God except in one verse, Deuteronomy 33:2. In Genesis the elevated location of the Garden of Eden is indicated by the fact that a single river flows out of Eden, before dividing to become four rivers. "This is important, as Israel encamped near Sinai from the end of May till April of the next year. Mount Horeb (Sinai) "The Mountain of God" Is there another name for Mt. The name Horeb is spelled חורב only in Exodus 33:6. And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed." Later, the Israelites were brought to Horeb, Midian, and the Mount of God (Exodus 17:6; 18:1-5). This conversation took place at the foot of the "mountain of God." Deuteronomy 5:2 Yahweh our God made a covenant with us in Horeb. Lepsius' Theory:Lepsius, it is true (Letters from Egypt, 1842-44), denying the existence of any unbroken tradition, and relying on his understanding of Cosmas, supposed Sinai to be the Jebel Serbal above mentioned, which lies immediately South of Wady Feiran. Deuteronomy 18:16 This is according to all that you desired of Yahweh your God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, "Let me not hear again the voice of Yahweh my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I not die.". There must be a cleft somewhere near the top of the mountain. This token or sign was to identify those who were sent by God, as Moses was sent to deliver God’s people. According to the Old Testament, the Mountain of God, also called Mount Sinai or Horeb (“sacred desert mountain”), was the holiest site on earth. These heights were accurately determined by Royal Engineer surveyors in 1868 (Sir C. Wilson, Ordnance Survey of Sinai); and, though it is impossible to say which of the peaks Moses ascended, yet they are all much higher than any mountains in the Sinaitic desert, or in Midian. His main argument was that, visiting Sinai in March, he considered that the vicinity did not present sufficient water for Israel (Appendix B, 303-18). Greene's Theory:Another theory, put forward by Mr. Baker Greene (The Hebrew Migration from Egypt), though accepted by Dr. Sayce (Higher Cricitism, 1894, 268), appears likewise to be entirely untenable. Exodus 3:10 Come now therefore, and I will send you to Pharaoh, that you may bring forth my people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt. [This is also near the … Purchase Horeb: The Mountain of God to find out... Everyone love the story of Moses, especially The Ten Commandments. A Tennis Club serving the Community. It is referred to as “the mountain of God” in Exodus 3:1, and named by Moses “Massah, and Meribah” (Exodus 17:6), where the rock was smited in order to create water for the troups. But at Sinai "the glory of Yahweh was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel" (Exodus 24:17); and, indeed, the glory of the Lord still dyes the crags of Jebel Musa (the "mountain of Moses") with fiery red, reflected from its red granite and pink gneiss rocks, long after the shadows have fallen on the plain beneath. However, Eusebius’ definition of “Arabia” is easily explained using the Renaissance-era map in Figure 1. In the other books of the Pentateuch, Sinai is the usual name, though Horeb also occurs ( Exodus 3:1 ; Exodus 17:6 ; Exodus 33:6 ), applying both to the "Mount of God" and to the desert of Rephidim, some 20 miles to the Northwest. altitude but because of the sharpness of its precipices: nay, indeed, it cannot be looked at without pain of the eyes, and besides this it was terrible and inaccessible, on account of the rumor that passed about, that God dwelt there" (Ant., II, xii, 1; III, v, 1). In those days, God was in Heaven and mountains were a way to get close to the heavens. Four streams of running water are found there: one in Wady Leja; a second in Wady et Tl'ah which waters a succession of gardens extending more than 3 miles in length, and forms pools in which I have often had a swim; a third stream rises to the North of the watershed of the plain of er Rachah and runs West into Wady et Tl'ah; and a fourth, is formed by the drainage from the mountains of Umm Alawy, to the East of Wady Sebaiyeh and finds its way into that valley by a narrow ravine opposite Jebel edition Deir. The mountain, today called Jebel Musa (“the mountain of Moses”), has an elevation of 7,497 feet above sea level. The west side of the Wilderness of Sinai was at the foot of Mt. Sinai is not that difficult to ascertain. It takes about 3 hours to climb the 7,498-foot peak following the Path of Moses, a stairway of nearly 4,000 steps. It’s the same place! Over time, the exact location of Mount Horeb was forgotten. It is where God made a covenant with his people at Horeb (Deut. The concept of God living on a holy mountain is a significant theme in the Old Testament. Blackened rock at the summit of Mt. In 17 passages the same desert and mountain are called "Horeb," or "the waste." It lies beside Mount Sinai beyond Arabia in the Desert (ibid. 5:2; 2 Chron. Patristic Evidence:A constant tradition fixing the site is traceable back to the 4th century A.D. Eusebius and Jerome (Onomasticon, under the word "Choreb") place Horeb near Paran, which in their time was placed (Onomasticon, under the word "Raphidim") in Wady Feiran. Anchorites lived at Paran, and at Sinai at least as early as 365 A.D., and are noticed in 373 A.D., and often later (Robinson, Biblical Res., 1838, I, 122-28); the monastery was first built for them by Justinian in 527 A.D. and his chapel still exists. The Hebrews reached Sinai about the end of May (Exodus 19:1) and, on the 3rd day, "there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount" (Exodus 19:16). This is the mountain where God spoke to Moses. 1. Mount Ararat Mt. The Scriptures describe the time when Moses ascended to the top of the mountain to receive the Ten Commandments. Horeb is not recorded to have been visited by any of the Hebrews after Moses, except by Elijah (1 Kings 19:8) in a time of storm. Sinai is mentioned, as a desert and a mountain, in 35 passages of the Old Testament. If we go the the Bible, the location of Mt. 2 Chronicles 5:10 There was nothing in the ark save the two tables which Moses put there at Horeb, when Yahweh made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came out of Egypt. Mt. 27th November 2020; No comments Northeast of this is Jebel Musa (7, 370 ft.), which, though less high, is more conspicuous because of the open plain called er Rachah ("the wide") to its Northwest. Even Jebel Serbal, 20 miles West of Sinai-a ridge with many crags, running 3 miles in length-is at its highest only 6,730 ft. above the sea. Identification with Jebel Musa:These distances will not, however, allow of our placing Sinai farther East than Jebel Musa. 5:10) which is reflected in God giving the two tablets of the testimony to Moses on Mount Sinai (Ex. Though its location is somewhat debated, most Christian scholars believe it to be one of the peaks in the Holy Mountain Peaks of Mount Jabal Musa, Mount Catherine, and Mount Ras es-Safsafeh in the southern part of the Sinai Peninsula. In addition to these streams there are numerous wells and springs, affording excellent water throughout the whole of the granitie district. Between the breathtaking views and the important revelations, mountains became symbols of being close to God. His new life as a shepherd, brought him to the “mountain of God, even Horeb” (Exodus 3:1) It was here, at the burning bush, that God told Moses, “When you have brought forth the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God upon this mountain” (Exodus 3:12) 2. Horeb where Moses met with God and the 10 Commandments were given. Sinai's Location in Midian. This block has its highest peak in Jebel Katarin (so named from a legend of Catherine of Egypt), rising 8,550 ft. above the sea. The desert of Sin (Exodus 16:1; Exodus 17:1 Numbers 33:11 f) lay between Sinai and the Gulf of Suez, and may have been named from the "glare" of its white chalk. From there, Elijah traveled 40 days and 40 nights to … Mount Horeb and Mount Sinai are both said to be the mountain of God. It is to the east of the Israeli city today named Beer Sheba. Mount Horeb. On the north-west side of the mountain is the Split Rock of Horeb — a massive stone several stories tall, split down the middle, with evidence of water erosion at its base. In 17 passages the same desert and mountain are called "Horeb," or "the waste." The Name:The name comes probably from a root meaning "to shine," which occurs in Syriac, and which in Babylonian is found in the name sinu for "the moon." R. Conder. North of the Convent is the lower top of Jebel edition Deir ("mountain of the monastery"). In Exodus 3:1 Moses led his flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb. I have seldom found it necessary to carry water when making a mountain excursion, and the intermediate neighborhood of Jebel Musa would, I think, bear comparison with many mountain districts in Scotland with regard to its supply of water. His main argument was that, visiting Sinai in March, he considered that the vicinity did not present sufficient water for Israel (Appendix B, 303-18). Anchorites lived at Paran, and at Sinai at least as early as 365 A.D., and are noticed in 373 A.D., and often later (Robinson, Biblical Res., 1838, I, 122-28); the monastery was first built for them by Justinian in 527 A.D. and his chapel still exists. Mr. Greene supposed Elim (Exodus 15:27) to be Elath (Deuteronomy 2:8), now `Ailah at the head of the Gulf of `Akabah; and that Sinai therefore was some unknown mountain in Midian. The ancient library at Jebel Musa was the source of Malachi 4:4 "Remember the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded to him in Horeb for all Israel, even statutes and ordinances. Horeb (a.k.a. ", Exodus 3:12 He said, "Certainly I will be with you. The token or sign was that the people in bondage would be brought to His Mountain, Mount Horeb, Exodus 3:1. This term is chiefly used in Deuteronomy, though Sinai also occurs (Deuteronomy 33:2). where is horeb the mountain of god located? In Exodus 3:12, we read of what God says is a token, or a sign. The traditional site of Mount Sinai is in the south central part of the Sinai Peninsula. These heights were accurately determined by Royal Engineer surveyors in 1868 (Sir C. 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