The fabric has a number of advantageous properties such as UV protection, and its anti-microbial/hypo-allergenic benefit makes it optimal for sensitive skin. Cannabis indica tends to have a higher Δ9-THC and a lower Cannabidiol (CBD) content than C. Sativa L. Marijuana, dependent on the strain, can have THC concentrations of 18% to 38%. The flower stalk, which appears near the end of the plant’s life, some 8 to 10 years after planting, grows up to 12.2 metres (40 feet) and bears white flowers about 3.8 cm (1.5 inches) long. In fact, up until the mid-1800s, hemp was the main material used to produce the world’s paper, at which stage wood slowly began to take over. They are best harvested soon after they reach maturity, which is shown by full blossoms and shedding pollen of the male plants. It is also very expensive, priced several times higher than wood pulp. Hemp vs. Wood for Paper In a shorter period, hemp can produce the same amount of pulp and in a smaller area than trees. Hemp oil contains an even higher percentage of GLA. The most common and ancient use of hemp fiber is for paper. The term “marijuana” is used for the recreational and medicinal use of products derived from the flower and leaves. The hurd of hemp stalks can also be used as a fiberglass substitute, or in stucco and mortar. The slender cane-like stalks are hollow except at the tip and base. It is also used in a range of composite products. Cordage is an age old use for hemp fiber. For centuries, hemp has been used for traditional medicines. Hemp fibers also can be blended with other fibers, such as cotton and linen, for specific textures and performance. Frequently sold as a superfood, hemp seeds can be added to smoothies both at home and in many cafes and juice bars. The retting is over when the color of the stems changes to a slightly dark beige with small, dark spots. It withstands laundering – each time it is washed, the fibers become softer and finer. The crop is grown for green manure, as a soil improver and as a disease break in cereal or other crop rotations. Hurds are used in animal bedding, material inputs, papermaking, and oil absorbents. What is hemp used for if it can’t be smoked? Hemp is actually better suited for paper production than wood as it contains much more cellulose. The fabric itself is fully biodegradable and recyclable, contributing to sustainability. Water retting involves soaking the dry hemp stems is bacteria-filled water tanks, ponds, or rivers. CBD oil. Harvesting industrial hemp involves using a combine. Oil from hempseed, which can comprise nearly a third of the seed’s weight, makes it an ideal source for cooking oil, lighting and biofuels. Hemp fiber is less expensive than wood and also great for insulation. Hemp harvest equipment such as a disc mower or sickle mower would work even better. The best fibers have properties like other fiber crops like flax. The best fiber is known for their length, strength, durability, absorbency, anti-mildew and antimicrobial properties. Plants cultivated for fiber are densely sown and grow up to 2-3 meters tall. It can be used to make a wide range of products. Even in countries with cooler climates like England, hemp was grown and spun into tough ropes used for a variety of purposes. Varieties have a THC content of less than 0.3%. Hemp is an agricultural commodity that is cultivated for use in the production of a wide range of products, including foods and beverages, cosmetics and personal care products, nutritional supplements, fabrics and textiles, yarns and spun fibers, paper, construction and insulation materials, and other manufactured goods. They can also be used in baking and cooking, though the nutritional content is at its highest in its raw state. Mauritius hemp, (Furcraea foetida), Portuguese piteira, French aloe, plant of the asparagus family (Asparagaceae) and its fibre, belongs to the leaf fibre group. The plant can be ploughed down for green manure in the early flowering stage. Hemp fiber has been used for the production of many items throughout ancient history. Pollen-producing flowers form many-branched clusters on staminate, or male, plants. Industrial hemp is grown for a number of uses – clothes, rope, food, and much more. It is done by either natural water retting in slow-moving waters like ponds, bogs, or streams or by tank retting in concrete vats. It yields about 25–30 leaves at each harvest. However, hemp is also from the same species of plant, Cannabis sativa, as marijuana. When you hear the word hemp, you automatically think of cannabis. The common features of natural fibers along with inherent mechanical, thermal, and acoustic properties of hemp fibers make them beneficial for reinforcements in polymer composite materials [35,59,60]. Here is a video explaining what exactly is cannabis-hemp as a Hindi vlog. Hemp, also known as industrial hemp, is a non-psychoactive strain of cannabis. The primary hemp fibers can be used for composites, reinforcements, and specialty pulp and paper. In Western and Eastern Europe as well as the Orient, hemp fibers have been used to strengthen composite products, and in other building materials for many construction and manufacturing applications. The plant itself, Cannabis sativa L., is usually tall and branched. It offers 4-5 times longer fiber and higher tensile strength, contributing to higher tear resistance. For centuries, hemp has been cultivated to produce fibers that are used to make textiles including paper, rope, cloth, and canvas. All right reserved. Hemp fiber used for ropes and other naval equipment is more robust and durable. The hemp plant is a stout, aromatic, erect annual herb. There are three main types of retting: Field or dew retting is the only type of retting that can be done on-farm, while the other types require some sort of special facility. Hemp fibers grow up to 15 feet in length and are extremely durable. For even retting, they should be turned over when they start changing color from green to pale yellow and must be picked up at the right time to avoid over-retting. What it does have in high amounts is cannabidiol (CBD). The fiber is made from the stalks and undergoes a multistep process to deliver a satisfactory outcome of the yield. Marijuana and hemp are different in their appearance, growing methods, chemical makeup, and potential uses. Only the outer layer of the Cannabis sativa stalk is used for textile purposes; the inner, woody layer is commonly used for fuel, building materials, and animal bedding. A mixture of fiberglass, hemp fiber, kenaf, and flax has been used to make composite panels for automobiles. The term industrial hemp is also interpreted differently, mainly related to the low (very different %) content of THC. https://www.institut-icanna.com/en/blog/67/Hemp:-a-plant-with-many-names, https://formulaswiss.com/blogs/cbd/hemp-history-and-uses, Know what exactly is Hemp? - A fiber, a drug, or a plant. Though it is hard to bleach the naturally dark color of hemp fiber, it can be dyed in bright or darker colors and does not fade easily. Hemp plants are warmth-loving (thermophilic) and sun-loving (heliotropic). Using plastic net wrap and twine would further ensure its integrity. It is done by spreading the hemp stalks on the ground, so they are exposed to rain and dew. Hemp was used for paper, for clothing, and for rope. While its … Hemp tow is used for stuffing or coarse yarn spinning and line fibre for higher-end applications such as clothing fabrics, furnishing and floor coverings. The fabric helps one stay cool in hot weather and also warm in cool weather due to the catacombic build-up, which allows air trapped in the fibers to be warmed by the body. This type of retting is inexpensive but usually delivers poorer quality fiber compared to other types of retting. Its growing popularity suggests history repeating itself once again as hemp was one of the first and most common plants to be made into fabric about 10,000 years ago. “Hemp” consists of genetic strains that are higher in Cannabidiol (CBD) while “marijuana” strains are higher in tetrahydrocannabidiol (THC). Also, the products produced with hemp are sustainable. 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