In November 2017, a special election gave Democrats a one seat majority in the Senate and complete control over state government. Coastal regions are having oceanic weather conditions with average annual temperature of 52 °F (11 °C) and greater amount of precipitation. [119] The rain shadow of the Cascade Range leaves the Columbia River Basin with around 8 inches (200 mm) of annual rain fall, making irrigation and water rights of paramount interest to the Washington wine industry. The warming climate is causing sea levels to rise as oceans expand, and, combined with more frequent storms, the effects could be devastating. The USGS considers 14,411-foot-tall (4,392 m) Mt. In 1999, it set the world record for snowfall in a single season—1,140 inches (95 ft; 29 m).[26]. The state marine mammal is the orca. The state has major research universities, technical schools, religious schools, and private career colleges. Other industries that developed in the state included fishing, salmon canning and mining. The intercity network includes the Cascade Tunnel, the longest railroad tunnel in the United States, which is part of the Stevens Pass route on the BNSF Northern Transcom. [105] At over 80 percent the state has significant amounts of hydroelectric power generation. [citation needed] Their tax policy differs from neighboring Oregon's, which levies no sales tax, but does levy a personal income tax. The region around eastern Puget Sound developed heavy industry during the period including World War I and World War II, and the Boeing company became an established icon in the area. Arctic cold fronts in the winter and heat waves in the summer are not uncommon. Instead, we fulfill our national Coastal Zone Management Act requirements through a network of state laws and regulations. From north to south, these major volcanoes are Mount Baker, Glacier Peak, Mount Rainier, Mount St. Helens, and Mount Adams. Most personal property owned by individuals is exempt from tax. While the population of African Americans in the Pacific Northwest is scarce overall, they are mostly concentrated in the South End and Central District areas of Seattle, and in inner Tacoma. [22], Despite western Washington's having a marine climate similar to many coastal cities of Europe, there are exceptions such as the "Big Snow" events of 1880, 1881, 1893, and 1916, and the "deep freeze" winters of 1883–1884, 1915–1916, 1949–1950, and 1955–1956, among others. There are also four Science and Math based high schools: one in the Tri-Cities known as Delta, one in Tacoma known as SAMI, another in Seattle known as Raisbeck Aviation High School, and one in Redmond known as Tesla STEM High School. [101], Aquarian Tabernacle Church is the largest Wiccan church in the country.[102]. The state is typically thought of as politically divided by the Cascade Mountains, with Western Washington being liberal (particularly the I-5 Corridor) and Eastern Washington being conservative. The GTE Northwest Classic was part of the Senior PGA Tour from 1986 to 1995, and the Boeing Classic since 2005. Britain and the United States agreed to what has since been described as "joint occupancy" of lands west of the Continental Divide to the Pacific Ocean as part of the Anglo-American Convention of 1818, which established the 49th Parallel as the international boundary west from Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains. [111] The cities of Lynnwood and Mill Creek have the highest sale tax rate in the state at 10.5%. [41], Washington has a variety of National Park Service units. Washington is often referred to as Washington state to distinguish it from the nation's capital, Washington, D.C. Washington is the 18th largest state, with an area of 71,362 square miles (184,827 km2), and the 13th most populous state, with more than 7.6 million people. Washington's marine highway constitutes a fleet of twenty-eight ferries that navigate Puget Sound and its inland waterways to 20 different ports of call, completing close to 147,000 sailings each year. The Pacific shore surrounding the San Juan Islands are heavily inhabited with killer, gray, and humpback whales. Home » Climate Zones » Western Washington Click to Enlarge. A 2004 study of 40 mothers from Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, and Montana found PBDEs in the breast milk of every woman tested. The lowest temperature recorded in the state was −48 °F (−44 °C) in Winthrop and Mazama. The Eastern region occasionally experiences extreme climate. [6][7][8] Washington is the only U.S. state named after a president. [citation needed], Sound Transit Link light rail currently operates in the Seattle area at a length of 20 miles (32 km), and in Tacoma at a length of 1.6 miles (2.6 km). Seattle, Bellevue, and Redmond, which are all within King County, have sizable Chinese communities (including Taiwanese), as well as significant Indian and Japanese communities. Washington's climate varies greatly from east to west. [95], In 2010, 82.51% (5,060,313) of Washington residents age 5 and older spoke English at home as a primary language, while 7.79% (477,566) spoke Spanish, 1.19% (72,552) Chinese (which includes Cantonese and Mandarin), 0.94% (57,895) Vietnamese, 0.84% (51,301) Tagalog, 0.83% (50,757) Korean, 0.80% (49,282) Russian, and German, 0.55% (33,744). Seattle was the point of departure for many soldiers in the Pacific, a number of whom were quartered at Golden Gardens Park. Negotiations with Great Britain over the next few decades failed to settle upon a compromise boundary and the Oregon boundary dispute was highly contested between Britain and the United States. The map above can be enlarged by clicking it, which will help you determine your zone. [43] There have also been a large number of species introduced to Washington, dating back to the early 18th century, including horses and burros. While there are some viticultural activities in the cooler, wetter western half of the state, almost all (99%) of wine grape production takes place in the desert-like eastern half. Manufacturing industries in Washington include aircraft and missiles, shipbuilding, and other transportation equipment, food processing, metals and metal products, chemicals, and machinery. Vacation Ideas for the Pacific Coast of Washington, Washington State Travel and Tourism: Natural Beauty: Natural Beauty, Washington Wine: Washington State Wine Varieties, Washington State Wine: Climate and Seasons, Washington State Department of Natural Resources: Geology of Washington - Southern Cascades, Places to Go on Vacation in Washington State, Privacy Notice/Your California Privacy Rights. [122], U.S. News & World Report ranked Washington 2nd nationally for household internet access, and 6th for online download speed, based on data from 2014 and 2015. ZONE 1A: Coldest mountain and intermountain areas of the contiguous states and Southwestern British Columbia. [117], Washington ranks second in the United States in the production of wine, behind only California. Washington USDA Hardiness Zone Map. The following figures are from the Washington State Department of Agriculture and the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Washington Field Office. In 1778, British explorer Captain James Cook sighted Cape Flattery, at the entrance to the Strait of Juan de Fuca, but Cook did not realize the strait existed. There are 9 climate zones in the contiguous United States, and 10 including the tropical climate zone of Hawaii. The governorship is held by Democrat Jay Inslee, who was elected to his first term in the 2012 gubernatorial election. As described above, Washington's climate varies greatly from west to east. The name proved popular as the forests were full of evergreen trees and the abundance of rain keeps the shrubbery and grasses green throughout the year. Livestock and livestock products make important contributions to total farm revenue, and the commercial fishing of salmon, halibut, and bottomfish makes a significant contribution to the state's economy. There are five species of salmon that ascend the Western Washington area, from streams to spawn. Washington operates and maintains roads over seven[vague] major mountain passes and eight minor passes. Washington is the nation's largest producer of apples, hops, pears, red raspberries, spearmint oil, and sweet cherries, and ranks high in the production of apricots, asparagus, dry edible peas, grapes, lentils, peppermint oil, and potatoes. [138] However, this dominance did not last for long, as Democrats picked up one seat in the 1996 election,[139] and two more in 1998, giving the Democrats a 5–4 majority.[140]. [128] Residents of Vancouver have resisted proposals to extend Portland's mass transit system into Washington. [17], Western Washington also is home of the Olympic Mountains, far west on the Olympic Peninsula, which support dense forests of conifers and areas of temperate rainforest. The state's nickname, "The Evergreen State",[1][156] was proposed in 1890 by Charles T. Conover of Seattle. Based on the 2007 information and a previous 2004 Ecology study, the Washington State Department of Health advises the public not to eat mountain whitefish from the Wenatchee River from Leavenworth downstream to where the river joins the Columbia, due to unhealthy levels of PCBs. [115] Two areas account for the vast majority of the state's apple crop: the Wenatchee–Okanogan region (comprising Chelan, Okanogan, Douglas, and Grant counties), and the Yakima region (comprising Yakima, Benton, and Kittitas counties). Organization(s) ICC. Three recent studies by the Washington State Department of Ecology showed toxic chemicals banned decades ago linger in the environment and concentrate in the food chain. The weather patterns across the state of Washington in the Pacific Northwest region are incredibly diverse. Washington does not impose a tax on intangible assets such as bank accounts, stocks, or bonds. For the proposed statehood of Washington, D.C., see, Map of the United States with Washington highlighted, "Demographics of Washington" redirects here. During winter months some of these passes are plowed, sanded, and kept safe with avalanche control. [148] Washington School Information Processing Cooperative (a non-profit opt-in state agency) provides information management systems for fiscal & human resources and student data. Washington State: USDA Climate Zones Our county, Adams, is pretty much all Zone 6b, but that doesn't account for micro-climate; being in a “frost pocket”, we‘re really more like a Zone 5b or 5a or maybe even 4. Washington has a relatively strong economy, with a total gross state product of $569.449 billion in 2018, placing it 10th in the nation and growing by 5.7 percent per year—the fastest rate in the United States. The Sounder commuter rail service operates in Seattle and its surrounding cities, between Everett and Lakewood. This has resulted in several same-party general election match-ups. And, foodie travelers, take note: plan to visit Seattle during sunny July to take advantage of Seattle's biggest and best food festival, the Seattle Street Food Festival. ", "Dear D. C., you can't call yourself 'State of Washington'. Projected outcomes. [1] The state folk song is "Roll On, Columbia, Roll On" by Woody Guthrie. Nine justices serve on the bench and are elected statewide. Utah zones include a frosty 4a in the north to a balmy 9a in the southwest. Current local time in USA – Washington – Seattle. One of the most important steps in choosing plants is making sure it is suited to your climate. The state legislature is composed of a lower House of Representatives and an upper State Senate. This culminated in 1941 with the completion of the Grand Coulee Dam, the largest concrete structure in the United States. This bill would limit phosphorus content in dishwashing detergents statewide to 0.5 percent over the next six years. The growing season is 150 to 200 days long, but because Zone 4 summers are temperate (highs average from the low 60s to the 70s), plants take more time to develop. For Washington, this means prevailing winds from the northwest bring relatively cool air and a predictably dry season. Previous ships had held that name in honor of George Washington. The top two health insurers as of 2017 were Premera Blue Cross, with 24 percent market share, followed by Kaiser Permanente at 21 percent. It is managed together as the Okanogan–Wenatchee National Forest, encompassing a considerably larger area of around 3,239,404 acres (1,310,940 ha). Washington is the second most populous state on the West Coast and in the Western United States, after California. In the autumn and winter, a low-pressure cyclone system takes over in the north Pacific Ocean. The average annual temperature ranges from 51 °F (11 °C) on the Pacific coast to 40 °F (4 °C) in the northeast. Irish (10.8%), English (10.4%), Norwegian (5.4%), and American (4.6%). It borders Idaho to the east, bounded mostly by the meridian running north from the confluence of the Snake River and Clearwater River (about 117°02'23" west), except for the southernmost section where the border follows the Snake River. You can go the the full national USDA map by clicking this link. Similarly, Washington voters approved a 2008 referendum on legalization of physician-assisted suicide, and is currently one of only five states, along with Oregon, California, Colorado and Vermont, as well as the District of Columbia to have legalized the practice. Climate Zone #1 R-10 minimum rigid board or air-impermeable insulation R-value. With the passage of Initiative 1183, the Washington State Liquor Control Board (WSLCB) ended its monopoly of all-state liquor store and liquor distribution operations on June 1, 2012. [157] Although the nickname is widely used by the state, appearing on vehicle license plates for instance, it has not been officially adopted. Washington has two distinct climate zones. Significant business within the state include the design and manufacture of aircraft (Boeing), automotive (Paccar), computer software development (Microsoft, Bungie, Amazon, Nintendo of America, Valve, ArenaNet), telecom (T-Mobile US), electronics, biotechnology, aluminum production, lumber and wood products (Weyerhaeuser), mining, beverages (Starbucks, Jones Soda), real estate (John L. Scott, Colliers International, Windermere Real Estate, Kidder Mathews), retail (Nordstrom, Eddie Bauer, Car Toys, Costco, R.E.I. Approximately two-thirds of Washington's forested area is publicly owned, including 64 percent of federal land. [93] Both emerged in the late 1960s, and developed since 1980. This range includes raptors, shorebirds, woodland birds, grassland birds, ducks, and others. With the passage of Initiative 1639 in the 2018 elections, Washington adopted stricter gun laws. The Climate Pledge Arena has hosted several mixed martial arts events, such as UFC Fight Night: Nogueira vs. Davis, UFC on Fox: Henderson vs. Diaz, and UFC on Fox: Johnson vs. Moraga. [1] The state seal (featured in the state flag as well) was inspired by the unfinished portrait of President George Washington by Gilbert Stuart. Seattle-Tacoma International Airport (Sea-Tac) is the major commercial airport of greater Seattle. The term "Pineapple Express" is used colloquially to describe atmospheric river events, where repeated storm systems are directed by this persistent cyclone from tropical and near-tropical Pacific regions into the Pacific Northwest. The Southern Oscillation greatly influences weather during the cold season. Summer days west of the Cascades rarely rise above 80 degrees Fahrenheit, and winter is fairly pleasant. Refer to the requirements for each building envelope area, based on your project’s Climate Zone IECC 2015 Requirements by Climate Zone 3. Washington has a number of seaports on the Pacific Ocean, including Seattle, Tacoma, Kalama, Anacortes, Vancouver, Longview, Grays Harbor, Olympia, and Port Angeles. Description. [year needed] Both records were set east of the Cascades. Washington's ten representatives in the United States House of Representatives (see map of districts) as of the 2020 election are Suzan DelBene (D-1), Rick Larsen (D-2), Jaime Herrera Beutler (R-3), Dan Newhouse (R-4), Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R-5), Derek Kilmer (D-6), Pramila Jayapal (D-7), Kim Schrier (D-8), Adam Smith (D-9), and Marilyn Strickland (D-10). Semi-arid conditions occur in much of eastern Washington with the strongest rain shadow effects at the relatively low elevations of the central Columbia Plateau—especially the region just east of the Columbia River from about the Snake River to the Okanagan Highland. The central and westerly portion of the state, however, could dip down to as low as -30 degrees F (-34.4 C.). Washington is one of the wealthiest and most socially liberal states in the country. [19] The Okanogan Highlands and the rugged Kettle River Range and Selkirk Mountains cover much of the state's northeastern quadrant. Explore Seattle's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. All are active volcanoes. Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. Just as the Pacific Ocean and Olympic Mountains influence Western Washington, the Cascade Range affects the weather and climate in the eastern part of the state. The USDA hardiness zones rate average temperatures across the country, so gardeners may gauge whether a particular plant is likely to be perennial in their area. They were reported to at least date as far back as the 1800s. 1. Urban Indian communities formed by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs relocation programs in Seattle since the end of World War II brought a variety of Native American peoples to this diverse metropolis. Rainfall in Washington varies dramatically going from east to west. [11] Residents of Washington (known as "Washingtonians") and the Pacific Northwest simply refer to the state as "Washington",[citation needed] and the nation's capital "Washington, D.C.", "the other Washington",[12] or simply "D.C.", Washington is the northwesternmost state of the contiguous United States. CLIMATE ZONES FIGURE 301.1 CLIMATE ZONES 2 M:\data\CODES\STATE CODES\Oregon\2010\Energy Efficiency Specialty Code\Final VP\03_OR_Energy_2010.vp Monday, May 24, 2010 10:21:27 AM Color profile: Generic CMYK printer profile Composite Default screen The state tree is the western hemlock. It continues to be the most important revenue source for public schools, fire protection, libraries, parks and recreation, and other special purpose districts. As of December 2014, there are 124 broadband providers offering service to Washington state; 93 percent of consumers have access to broadband speeds of 25/3Mbit/s or more. Depending on the season, you're bound to spot plenty of wildlife, including pods of orca whales. Named for George Washington, the first U.S. president, the state was made out of the western part of the Washington Territory, which was ceded by the British Empire in 1846, in accordance with the Oregon Treaty in the settlement of the Oregon boundary dispute. The wildflowers are often still in bloom, and temperatures are mild. Study results also showed high levels of contaminants in fish tissue that scientists collected from Lake Washington and the Spokane River, where fish consumption advisories are already in effect. Given that the contiguous United States spans the width of North America, it’s not surprising that the country has no fewer than nine unique climate zones. [130] The radioactive materials are known to be leaking from Hanford into the environment.[131]. Washington growing zones are wide-ranging and can be anywhere from 4a to 9a, although much of the state falls into the 6a (on the eastern half of the state) to 9a (on the western half) range. Baker Holds Snowfall Record, NOAA Reports", "Western Regional Climate Data Center, Centralia", "Western Regional Climate Data Center, Longview", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Rainier Paradise Ranger Station, Washington", "Seattle Tacoma International Airport, Washington", "The Diversity of Washington's Forests—Washington Forestland Ownership", "Introduced Wildlife of Oregon and Washington", "Species Fact Sheets—Reptiles and Amphibians", "Listing of National Park System Areas by State", "Alphabetic list of Washington State Parks", "Land Areas of the National Forest System", "Kennewick Man Skeletal Find May Revolutionalize Continent's History", "A Major Earthquake in the Pacific Northwest Looks Even Likelier", "Smallpox epidemic ravages Native Americans on the northwest coast of North America in the 1770s", "The Creation of Washington: Securing Democracy North of the Columbia", "Washington is admitted as the 42nd state to the United States of America on November 11, 1889", "Mount St. Helens: Senator Murray Speaks on the 25th Anniversary of the May 18, 1980 Eruption", "Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument", "Table 62. 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